Jesus Christ



43. Why is Jesus Christ called ‘the Son of Man’?



Jesus Christ called Himself ‘the Son of Man' to point out and underline that He was not only partaker of the divine nature of God the Father (in that He was the Son of God), but also partaker of the human nature because He partook of flesh and blood. In other words, to point out and underline that He came “in the likeness of men” (Philippians 2:7 – NKJV).

Obviously, the fact that Jesus partook of the human nature ENTAILED some limits and weaknesses, which can be seen in the life of Jesus Christ: He ate, He drank water, He slept, He got tired, He wept, just like any other man on the face of the earth. It must be noted that as Jesus did not call Himself ‘a Son of God’, so He did not call Himself ‘a Son of Man’ either, because He is THE Son of God and THE Son of Man.

The Son of God because He was from all eternity with God the Father; while the Son of Man because He who was with the Father from all eternity took on human nature, He was made flesh so that by His death He might destroy him who had the power of death, that is, the devil (Hebrews 2:14). Such a thing had never happened before, and it won’t happen again; He was God manifested in flesh (John 1:1,14).

According to the Bible, to be ‘son of something or somebody’ means to partake of something or to be connected with someone. For instance, believers are called “the sons of the kingdom” (Matthew 13:38 – NKJV) because they are partakers of the Kingdom of God; those who will take part in the resurrection of the just are called “sons of the resurrection” (Luke 20:36 – NKJV); the man of sin, that is, the antichrist who is coming, is called “the son of perdition” (2 Thessalonians 2:3 – NKJV) – Judas Iscariot too is called “the son of perdition” John 17:12 – because he will go to perdition; those who belong to this world (who thus are under the power of darkness) are called “the sons of this world” (Luke 16:8 – NKJV), while the saints, having been delivered from the power of darkness and conveyed into the kingdom of the Son where is light, are called “the sons of light” (Luke 16:8; cf. Ephesians 5:8 – NKJV).

Jesus is called the Son of David because He descended from king David according to the flesh, therefore He was part of David’s offspring or rather He was “the Offspring of David” (Revelation 22:16 – NKJV). The same thing must be said about the fact that Jesus was not just a descendant of Abraham but He was “his Seed” (Galatians 3:16 – NKJV), in whom – according to God’s promise – all the nations of the earth will be blessed (Genesis 22:18).

The Son of God, who was from all eternity in heaven with God the Father, in order to come in the likeness of men, was born of a woman who was a virgin, so that He might not contract sin. For the Son of God had to be born sinless, so that He might be able to offer Himself for our sins. According to Matthew and Luke, the virgin chosen to bring forth the Son of the Most High was Mary of Nazareth, a town in Galilee. That young woman had been pledged to be married to Joseph, who was of the house of David, and before she got married, and angel of God called Gabriel appeared to her and foretold her that she would conceive in her womb and bring forth the Son of God. The angel told her that this would happen because the Holy Spirit would come upon her, and the power of the Highest would overshadow her (Luke 1:35). All these things came to pass in due time. Mary was found to be with child through the Holy Spirit, and at God’s appointed time, while she was in Bethlehem with her husband because of a census, she brought forth her firstborn son. His name was called Jesus.

To Christ Jesus, the Son of man, be the glory now and forevermore. Amen.