Eschatology

 

 

The unjust will not rise again

 

 

 

There are some people who claim to be Christians who believe and teach that the unjust will not rise again. For instance, in the Dizionario Biblico [Bible Dictionary] it is written: ‘On the contrary those who belong only to the first Adam – that’s the inevitable conclusion – will not rise again’ (Dizionario Biblico, by G. Miegge. Second edition, revised and updated by B. Corsani, J. Alberto Soggin, and Giorgio Tourn, Milano 1968, page 505).

They support their doctrine through some biblical passages which are these: 1) Psalm 1:5, “Therefore the ungodly shall not stand in judgement”, which words are rendered in the Septuagint and Vulgate Latin versions, ‘The wicked shall not rise again in judgment,’ 2) Isaiah 26:14: “They are deceased, they will not rise,” 3) Daniel 12:2: ‘And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt”.

 

Confutation

 

According to the Holy Scripture, all men, that is, both the just and the unjust, will rise again.

For Jesus said: “Do not marvel at this; for the hour is coming in which all who are in the graves will hear His voice and come forth – those who have done good, to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of condemnation” (John 5:28-29 – NKJV), and Paul said “that there will be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and the unjust” (Acts 24:15 – NKJV).

To confirm that the unjust also will rise again, I remind you of the following words of Jesus: “The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with the men of this generation, and condemn them: for she came from the utmost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here. The men of Nineveh shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here” (Luke 11:31-32). Now, since the generation of which Jesus spoke was an evil generation (cf. Luke 11:29) and a sinful and adulterous generation (cf. Mark 8:38), it is evident that the unjust also will be raised from the dead.

Let me explain to you now the biblical verses which are quoted to deny the resurrection of the wicked.

● Psalm 1:5 – First of all, it must be said that these versions are not agreeable to the Hebrew text. However, even if we grant for the sake of argument that they are, that passage does not mean that the wicked will not rise again from the dead, but it means that they will not rise again so as to appear in the congregation of the righteous, that is to say, they will not rise at the resurrection of the just which is the first resurrection. In addition to this, the word used does not refer to the resurrection of the wicked, but their standing before God in a judicial sense, when raised. In other words, the meaning of that passage is this: the wicked will not stand before Him with confidence, nor be able to justify themselves and vindicate their cause, and thus they must fall and not stand in judgement.

● Isaiah 26:14 – Here is how these words must be understood. Those masters who had formerly dominion over the Israelites, but now are dead, will not rise again and live on this earth to tyrannize over them.

● Daniel 12:2 – The “many” should be understood universally, as in Romans 5:19: “For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so also by one Man’s obedience many will be made righteous” (NKJV). It is evident that when Paul says that by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, he does not mean that only some men were made sinners, but he means that all men were made sinners, for he says also that “all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God” (Romans 3:23 – NKJV). That the ‘many’ of Daniel 12:2 cannot be quoted to deny the resurrection of the unjust, is evident from the fact that the prophet Daniel says that some will awake “to shame and everlasting contempt” (Daniel 12:2 – NKJV), for according to the Scripture those who will awake to be condemned to everlasting contempt are the wicked, so that the words of Daniel are a proof of the resurrection of the unjust.

 

 

 

 

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